Sierra Leone – ECOWAS Court Fines Sierra Leone $10,000 in Pregnant School Girls’ Ban Case
Date: June 10, 2019
- Sierra Leone banned pregnant girls from going back to school in 2015 following the deadly Ebola outbreak.
- Children rights groups say the ban violates international charters that Sierra Leone is a signatory to.
- The regional court awarded the costs to the rights groups after the government sought to file a defense when case was headed for judgement.
By MOHAMMED MOMOH
MAY 8, 2019 – The Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) fined Sierra Leone $10,000 on Tuesday for filing its defense late in a case by rights groups against the ban on pregnant girls from school.
The case was filed on May 17, 2018 by Children International-Sierra Leone, Women Against Violence and Exploitation in Society, and Child Welfare Society-Sierra Leone.
Other parties to the suit are Equality Now and the Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa.
The court sits in Abuja, Nigeria.
However, an application to file defence was made on February 25, 2019, about a month after the applicants sought a default judgement on January 23, 2019.
“My lord, this case has gone on for too long and we will like to resolve it once and for all; it is expensive coming all the way from Banjul to court every time to appear in this case, “counsel for the applicants Mr Oludayo Fagbemi moved presiding judge Edward Asante.
The applicants wanted the defence application struck out for having been overtaken by events with Justice Asante reprimanding the government for anticipating the case would be struck out.
“You waited for them to file an application for judgement against you before you pre-empted it with this application. Obviously, they are perfectly within their rights in entitlement to costs and therefore we award costs against you of $10,000,” Justice Asante said.
In 2015, Sierra Leone banned pregnant school girls from continuing with education after a rise in rape and sexual abuse. There was a spike in teenage pregnancies then attributed to poverty and children living alone in the wake of the deadly Ebola outbreak.
Rights groups said the ban compounded the stigma surrounding teenage pregnancies and set back thousands of girls in their studies.
The groups want a determination that Sierra Leone has violated international law on the rights of the child to which it is a signatory.
They seek to have the ban reversed.
The case was adjourned to June 25 to allow time for the defence to be filed.
Whether pregnant school girls should continue with their studies after giving birth has been a touchy issue across Africa with Tanzania President John Magufuli affirming in 2017 a law barring them from readmission.
The government agreed in November last year to change its policies to have such girls continue learning after the World bank threatened to withdraw $300 million in education funding
Sierra Leone and many African countries are signatories to the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child; the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights; the Protocol to the African Charter on the Rights of Women in Africa; the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention against Torture.